Can Birth Control Tablets Protect You From STIs?
Unwelcome pregnancies can be avoided through the effective use of contraception during sexual intercourse. Some birth control methods can also lower your chances of contracting Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI’s)
In the UK, a recent study found that one in six pregnancies were unplanned. Many forms of birth control are effective at preventing pregnancy but offer little or no protection against STIs.
What Types Of Birth Control Are Available?
Male and Female Condoms
Male condoms are usually made from latex or polyurethane and are placed over the penis. A female condom, also know as a contraceptive cap, is a pouch inserted into the vagina to prevent pregnancy.
The diaphragm is inserted into the vagina and acts as a barrier against sperm reaching the cervix and travelling to the womb. A spermicide is also used to kill off any remaining sperm.
Birth Control Pill
The birth control pill is one of the most effective birth control methods. There are a number of different pills a woman can take. One of the most common pills available is the combined pill. This contains two hormones – oestrogen and progestogen – that women naturally produce in their ovaries.
Essure is a steel coil that is surgically inserted into a woman’s fallopian tubes in order to block them. It is considered a permanent birth control measure, but there have been a number of reported side effects from this form of contraception.
Contraceptive patches work in the same way as the contraceptive pill, although they are placed on the skin rather than ingested. Women generally wear the patch for three weeks before taking it off for a week.
Which Contraceptive Reduces The Risk Of STIs?
If you believe you may have contracted an STI, it is important to get yourself tested. Your GP and local health clinic can provide you with a free test. You can also test yourself at home. For example, those living in in London can receive London STI testing kits from sites like https://www.checkurself.org.uk.
No one form of contraception is 100 per cent effective at preventing STIs. Many contraceptives offer no protection against sexually transmitted infections. A latex condom is considered the best form of protection against STIs, although it cannot prevent all forms of infections from being transmitted.